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Loss of 50 to 100 hairs per day is normal. People who notice their hair shedding in large amounts after combing or brushing, or whose hair becomes thinner or falls out, should contact a dermatologist for proper diagnosis and treatment. Hair loss can affect both males and females.
The most common cause of excessive hair loss is hereditary thinning or baldness. There are a number of other causes as well, some of which may be temporary:
With correct diagnosis, many people with hair loss can be helped. There are several treatment options available for hair loss, depending on the cause. Topical minoxidil (for men and women) and oral finasteride (for men only) have been shown to help in the regrowth of hair or slow hereditary hair loss. Hair loss caused by diseases such as thyroid disease can be reversed with treatment of the underlying cause. Topical or oral estrogen, or other female-specific hormones, are sometimes prescribed for women experiencing hair loss.