What is mycosis fungoides?
Also known as Alibert-Bazen syndrome, mycosis fungoides is the most common type of Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. Gradually affecting the skin as the disease progresses, Alibert-Bazen syndrome can spread internally as well. It is caused by the unusual appearance of certain T-cells in the body. Starting as rashes, these lesions progress to sores or plaques on the skin. Their disease is generally separated into three phases: premycotic, mycotic, and tumorous. There is no known cause for this disease. Based on past research, it does not appear to be genetic or hereditary.
Mycosis Fungoides affects anywhere from 1 in 100,000-350,000 individuals. That may seem like a wide percentage, but, it is the most common form of Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma. Mycosis Fungoides accounts for at least half of the different types of Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma. Diagnosis of this disease can be difficult but our experts at Dermatology & Skin Health do their due diligence to quickly identify and treat this type of lymphoma.
What is Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma?
Cutaneous T-cell Lymphoma is a form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. This type of cancer mutates the T-cells, instead of the B-cells (as do most other non-Hodgkin lymphoma), usually showing up as lesions or rashes on the skin. As the lymphoma progresses, the lesions evolve. In earlier stages they usually show up as rashes and then begin to progress and move across the skin.
What are the symptoms of Alibert-Bazen syndrome?
This form of cancer can be difficult to diagnose since many of the early symptoms resemble more common, less worrisome skin conditions, like psoriasis and eczema. Some of the most common symptoms include:
- red rashes
- scaly patches
What are the different stages?
The first stage of mycosis fungoides is premycotic. The premycotic phase includes itchy, red lesions and rashes on the skin. These are the symptoms that are commonly misdiagnosed as less serious skin conditions like psoriasis, eczema, or contact dermatitis. The second stage, mycotic, is when plaques begin to appear. Plaques are thicker, raised lesions that appear all over the skin, especially on the buttock area. When plaques occur, a biopsy is generally performed. That’s when the disease has penetrated the epidermis and spread into the dermis (the deeper layer of skin). The final stage of Alibert-Bazen syndrome is the tumorous phase. During this phase, tumors form on the skin and infections may occur.
Why is the prognosis and treatment for Alibert-Bazen syndrome?
The prognosis and treatment for this form of Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma depends entirely upon how far the disease has progressed and if it has spread to other parts of the body. Based on these details, treatments and prognosis will vary greatly.
Learn more about mycosis fungoides in Seacoast, NH or North Shore, MA
To learn more about mycosis fungoides, please contact one of our offices in either the Seacoast region or the North Shore. During your consultation, one of our expert providers will determine which treatment plan is best for you. Call (603) 742-5556 (Dover & Newington) or (978) 525-0100 (Peabody), or request your consultation on our website to get started.