Conditions Treated
Our Team
Patient Resources
Contact Us

Mohs Reconstruction: What to Expect

Request a Visit
a patient underwent Mohs surgery on his leg

Mohs reconstruction is a specialized technique used in the treatment of skin cancer. 

In this article, we'll explore the benefits and risks of this procedure, what to expect, plus tips and best practices for optimal healing after the operation.

What is Mohs Reconstruction?

Mohs reconstructive surgery is used to remove cancerous growths from the skin with minimal destruction to healthy tissue.

The doctor will start by systematically removing sections of the tumor, layer by layer, from the top down until all tumor cells are eliminated.

Each layer that is removed is carefully examined under a microscope for further signs of cancer cells. If there is any trace left, additional layers will be removed until no more cancer cells are found.

This procedure can be used to treat several types of skin cancer including basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma.

Once all of the cancerous tissue has been removed and confirmed, Mohs reconstructive surgery can then be employed to repair the affected area with minimal scarring and damage caused by traditional surgeries. It is performed by double-board certified head and neck surgeons who specialize in facial plastic and reconstructive surgery.

Benefits of Mohs Reconstruction

Mohs reconstructive surgery can offer a safe, reliable solution for those seeking to treat their skin condition effectively and safely. Here are some of its benefits:

Accurate and precise tumor removal

With Mohs micrographic surgery, each layer of skin is examined until the entire tumor and its roots are located and removed. This ensures that no cancerous cells remain in the affected area.

Preservation of healthy tissue

By removing only diseased tissue, Mohs reconstruction preserves healthy tissue while minimizing scars, promoting faster healing.

Minimally invasive

Because only a single layer is removed at a time and then examined under a microscope to detect any remaining cancer, it requires fewer incisions compared to other forms of surgery.

Faster healing time

Because less healthy tissue is removed during the procedure, recovery time for patients undergoing Mohs reconstruction can be much shorter than with more extensive surgeries such as some plastic reconstructive procedures or grafting methods.

Effective treatment for difficult-to-treat areas

Due to its precise technique, it can be used effectively in areas such as around eyes, ears and nose where precision is paramount in successful treatment of skin cancers that occur there or on other delicate parts of the body or face.

Improved Cosmetic Results

By preserving healthy tissue and carefully reconstructing the surgical site with cosmetic techniques including flaps or grafting techniques (where needed), outcomes can appear very natural and look aesthetically pleasing post-surgery when compared to other types of cancer treatments like radiotherapy or chemotherapy.

Risks and Complications of Mohs Reconstruction

The risks and complications associated with Mohs surgery are relatively rare, but they still exist. 

Potential risks include postoperative scarring and buildup of excessive fluids around the incisions site.

Complications might involve infection or poor healing of the wound that can occur if the reconstruction is not done correctly.

It’s important to be aware of these potential risks when considering this type of procedure.

Post-operative care is also vital in reducing any incidence of complications, so it’s essential to follow medical advice closely during the recovery process.

Preparing for Mohs Reconstruction

Preparing for Mohs reconstruction requires an understanding of the procedure and its associated risks and benefits.

It is also important to establish a working relationship with your surgeon who will be guiding you through your chosen reconstruction strategy.

You should discuss any pre-operative care needs with your surgeon such as addressing medical issues that may influence the outcome of reconstruction or treatments prescribed beforehand such as radiation or chemotherapy.

Consider arranging for post-operative care such as follow up visits or skin protection measures once the reconstruction process is complete.

By taking these steps prior to Mohs reconstruction, you can ensure that you have a successful outcome while minimizing risks during and after the procedure.

The Mohs Reconstruction Procedure

A proper Mohs reconstruction procedure begins with a thorough preparation of the patient and wound bed.

This includes skin cleansing, devitalized tissue removal (if necessary), and mark-up of the wound to facilitate mapping of surgical margins.

Analgesia or anesthesia may be required depending on the type of reconstruction. Once the treatment site is prepared, Mohs specialists generate a series of frozen sections for histology evaluation in a systematic way in order to identify any potentially remaining tumor cells which are then excised surgically.

If closure is required afterwards, appropriate techniques should be employed such as primary closure, local flaps or dermal grafting. Finally, meticulous aftercare instructions should be provided as inadequate healing can cause deformity, scarring and other complications.

Post-Operative Care for Mohs Reconstruction

Post-operative care for Mohs reconstruction is an important part of the recovery process. After your surgery, it is extremely important to follow the guidelines your doctor has suggested in order to ensure a positive outcome and prevent complications.

It is recommended that you keep your surgical site clean and dry for at least 3-4 days after your procedure. It is also advised that you limit activities that involve bending down or lifting so as not to strain any stitches.

Protect yourself from further skin injury by wearing clothing (such as long pants) that cover the graft sites just enough to avoid aggravating them but still allow air to pass through freely.

Stay on top of follow-up appointments with your doctor in order to monitor the progress of your Mohs reconstruction surgery recovery, they will provide specific guidance according to any unique needs or concerns during these checkups should they arise.

The Role of an Experienced Surgeon in Mohs Reconstruction

The role of an experienced surgeon in Mohs reconstruction is to ensure that skin cancer treatment is as effective as possible.

The surgeon will perform the Mohs surgery, whereby small layers of tissue are removed from the affected area until all cancerous cells have been eradicated.

The surgeon must also be able to evaluate a patient’s healing process and plan directed reconstructive surgeries as needed to restore normal structure, form and appearance.

They must be knowledgeable in pre-operative skin preparation with topical agents to optimize healing post-operatively.

By performing the highest quality procedures, experienced surgeons help ensure that patients receive the best outcomes possible.

What to Expect After Mohs Reconstruction

After Mohs reconstruction, patients can expect several things:


There will likely be some degree of scarring. Depending on what kind of reconstructive technique was used, this may take time to heal fully or may even be permanent. 

Your doctor should provide an expected timeline for healing based on the specifics of your case and can provide advice on how to best manage any scarring.


This is also an expected part of the healing process following Mohs reconstruction. This can vary in severity; your doctor will prescribe appropriate medications if needed to manage pain and make you comfortable in the days or weeks following the procedure.


You may need to wear compression bandages or wraps near the affected area for several days or longer in order to minimize swelling and maximize comfort levels.

Your doctor may recommend that you exercise light restrictions in terms of activities such as lifting or partaking in physical contact sports for a period after the operation, depending on the particular details of your case.

Ask about any specific limitations or recommendations before attempting any activity after your procedure so that you don’t put undue stress on yourself during recovery.

Regular follow-up appointments are usually necessary both immediately after surgery and then over time to monitor healing progress and perform repairs if needed as well as check for any potential signs of cancer recurrence.


A dermatologist

At Dermatology & Skin Health, we understand the significance of confidence in one's own skin. Our highly experienced team specializes in Mohs reconstruction to assist you in attaining a healthier, more robust, and aesthetically pleasing look. 

Contact us today for more information or to schedule a visit, we are committed to provide you with the highest quality of care to help you get back that confidence in your own skin.

Related Posts