Have you ever struggled to find sunscreen for your little one?
As a parent, protecting your child's sensitive skin from the sun is crucial, but what if sunscreen causes a reaction? If your child is allergic or sensitive to the chemicals in most sunscreens, you're probably worried sick about getting them outside and actively playing during the summer.
The importance of sun protection for kids cannot be overstated, but with sunscreen allergies, that protection isn't as straightforward.
This guide will give you an overview of sunscreen allergies in children and highlight your options to keep little ones safe from UV rays.
There are solutions for sunscreen-allergic kids, so you can join the fun at the beach or pool without worry. Let's explore the alternatives together!
Sunscreen allergies can present in a few different ways. The most common types are:
Symptoms include itching, redness, swelling, blisters or rash. Common sunscreen allergens include benzophenone-4, octinoxate, and oxybenzone. These skin reactions tend to appear within a few hours of applying sunscreen.
A reaction to very high concentrations of irritating ingredients like alcohol, fragrances or dyes. Redness, stinging and burning sensation. Can be caused by reapplying sunscreen too frequently.
Occurs when a sunscreen ingredient absorbs UV light and then causes an allergic reaction when it comes in contact with skin. Symptoms resemble an allergic contact dermatitis rash but usually appear within a day of sun exposure. Retinoids like avobenzone can potentially cause this reaction in some children.
Sunscreen allergy symptoms vary in severity from mild rashes to severe swelling of the face or other areas. An allergy diagnosis is made by patch testing ingredients in sunscreen on the skin under controlled conditions. Avoiding problematic sunscreens and finding alternative sun protection methods is key for management.
Some of the most frequent sunscreen allergens that trigger reactions in children include:
Chemical sunscreens: Chemical sunscreens like oxybenzone, octinoxate, and octocrylene can cause allergic contact dermatitis. They absorb UV light and convert it into heat to help block rays.
Fragrances: Many sunscreens contain fragrances to mask chemical smells, but these added fragrances are a common allergen. Fragranced sunscreens are more likely to irritate sensitive skin.
Preservatives: Preservatives such as parabens, formaldehyde releasers and isothiazolinones are added to prevent the growth of microbes, but they can also cause allergic dermatitis in susceptible children.
Common symptoms of sunscreen allergy include:
|Skin inflammation||Redness, itching, stinging, swelling, tenderness|
|Eczema||Patchy rashes, oozing, crusting areas of inflamed skin|
|Dermatitis||Inflamed patches of red, itchy skin that may blister|
|Hives or welts||Elevated, pink bumps that are very itchy|
|Blisters||Fluid-filled blisters that break and crust over|
|Facial swelling||Lips, eyelids and other areas of the face swelling up|
|Severe skin pain||Sunscreen allergies can lead to pain, sensitivity and skin impairment that impacts usual activities and quality of life.|
Knowing which active ingredients and additives frequently cause reactions will help you avoid problematic sunscreens and minimize symptoms. Look for allergen-free, mineral-based and fragrance-free options to keep skin safe, healthy and happy.
Identifying sunscreen allergies can feel overwhelming, but there are a few key things you can do to determine if your child may have sensitivities.
Patch testing specific sunscreen ingredients on the skin under medical guidance is the most accurate way to identify an allergy. This should always be done under the supervision of a doctor. At-home "skin prick" or "scratch" tests can lead to irritation and false positives.
Seek advice from a board-certified dermatologist, especially if symptoms are severe or reaction pattern is concerning. They can properly evaluate your child's skin, determine if patch testing is needed, and prescribe medication if symptoms warrant it.
Children with eczema, sensitive skin, or other chronic skin diseases may be more prone to sunscreen allergies. Look for a pattern of reactions after using certain sunscreens. If reactions improve when avoiding specific sunscreens, an allergy is likely present.
Additional tips for identifying sunscreen allergies in kids:
|Gradually introduce new sunscreens||One at a time to observe any reaction. This can help narrow down culprit products.|
|Use hypoallergenic, fragrance-free mineral sunscreens||As a baseline. They are less likely to irritate sensitive skin.|
|Choose sunscreens for sensitive skin||Pick those deemed "hypoallergenic", "fragrance-free", "paraben-free", "dye-free" and "gluten-free".|
|Watch for signs of allergy||Like redness, itching, swelling, hives, blisters within a few hours of application. Compare reactions to determine the cause.|
|Keep a log of sunscreens used||And any observed reactions. Details will help your dermatologist determine if patch testing is needed.|
|If facial swelling occurs||See a doctor right away for antihistamine treatment as this can be a sign of a severe allergic reaction.|
Knowing the different types of sunscreens and how they work will help you determine the best options for sensitive skin and sunscreen allergies. The two main types are chemical sunscreens and physical (mineral) sunscreens.
Chemical sunscreens contain organic compounds like oxybenzone, octinoxate, octocrylene, and avobenzone. They work by absorbing UV rays and converting them into heat which dissipates, blocking harmful rays.
Common chemical sunscreen ingredients and potential allergens:
Oxybenzone: Blocks both UVA and UVB rays but can cause allergic contact dermatitis and hormone issues in high amounts.
Octocrylene: Basically a solvent that helps other ingredients absorb better but can irritate skin. Not a strong sunscreen on its own.
Mineral sunscreens contain zinc oxide, titanium dioxide, or iron oxides which act as a physical barrier, reflecting and scattering UV rays. They do not absorb into the skin and are non-irritating. Mineral sunscreens are often considered hypoallergenic.
Zinc oxide: Very effective at blocking both UVA and UVB rays over the entire skin surface. Non-irritating for sensitive skin. Can appear white on the skin but is cosmetically elegant.
Titanium dioxide: Also blocks UVA and UVB rays and maintains coverage without irritation. Nano-sized versions may be cosmetically more appealing but still safe.
For sunscreen allergies and sensitive skin, mineral sunscreens with zinc oxide or titanium dioxide are typically the safest and most effective options. They form a barrier against UV rays without risk of irritation or allergic reaction.
Protecting sensitive skin from the sun can feel like a challenge, but there are several effective options and tips to keep in mind.
Mineral sunscreens for sensitive skin: Zinc oxide and titanium dioxide are non-irritating mineral ingredients that provide broad spectrum protection. Brands like Badger, Alba Botanica Mineral and La Roche-Posay Anthelios Melt-In Sunscreen Milk.
Fragrance-free and hypoallergenic sunscreens: Look for fragrance-free, paraben-free, glycerin-free, alcohol-free and hypoallergenic. EltaMD UV Daily Broad-Spectrum and CeraVe Hydrating Facial Sunscreen are excellent fragrance-free choices.
Water-resistant sunscreens for active kids: For swimming or sweating, use a water-resistant mineral sunscreen. Examples are: Badger Anti-Bug, Zinc Oxide Burt's Bees Baby and Alba Botanica Sensitive Mineral Fragrance-Free. Reapply after water activities.
|Sun Protection Tips||Description|
|Protective clothing||Loose, lightweight clothing like shirts/dresses, pants, skirts and long sleeves can protect from UV rays.|
|Wide-brimmed hats||A rim of at least 4 to 5 inches provides coverage for face, neck, shoulders and ears.|
|Sunglasses||Look for glasses that block UVA and UVB rays and are polarized.|
|Seeking shade during peak sun exposure hours||Limit time in direct sunlight between 10 AM to 4 PM when UV index is strongest.|
|Limiting sun exposure during high UV index days||Check local UV forecasts to plan outdoor activities on the lowest index days.|
Patch testing new products: Apply a small amount to the skin on the inner elbow and wait 3-5 days to check for any reaction before full use.
Applying sunscreen to dry skin: Moisturize skin first to give sunscreen a smooth base and better coverage.
Reapplying sunscreen after water exposure or sweating: Sunscreen loses effectiveness after swimming or heavy activity. Reapply to maintain protection.
Blue light protection is important for sensitive skin and sun health. Here's an overview of blue light exposure and how to shield your child:
Blue light refers to high-energy visible light with a wavelength between 400 to 490 nanometers. It is emitted from electronic devices, the sun and fluorescent lights. Exposure to blue light can:
Damage skin cells and cause premature aging of the skin. Blue light penetration of skin is deep, reaching into the dermis.
Increase the production of free radicals which inflame and oxidize skin tissues. This leads to conditions like eczema, dermatitis and rosacea.
Disrupt melatonin production, hormone rhythm and sleep. Lack of sleep further compromises skin health and immunity.
Protecting against blue light damage is an important part of maintaining your child's skin and health. By following these tips and using the right protection methods, you can help shield them from harmful blue light exposure.
|Physical blockers||Apply mineral sunscreens, zinc oxide creams or lemon balm lotion before blue light exposure. They help absorb and reflect blue light.|
|Blue light-blocking glasses||Wear amber-colored polycarbonate lenses or dedicated blue light glasses. Look for 100% UVA/UVB protection.|
|Blue light-filtering screen protectors for devices||Apply anticybersex spray, anti reflective tempered glass or blue light screen protectors/filters to tablets, phones, laptops and TVs.|
|Limit screen time during peak melatonin hours||Avoid looking at bright screens 2 hours before bedtime. Use e-readers, white ink journals or night light mode if needed.|
|Seek natural light during daytime||Exposure to full spectrum sunlight during the day helps set circadian rhythm and boost vitamin D. Even at home, open blinds to allow some natural light in.|
|Consider office lighting||Neon and fluorescent lights emit blue light. Ask about "blue light mitigation glasses" or adding full spectrum bulbs for the office.|
As a parent, ensuring the health, happiness and safety of your child is absolutely critical. For those with sensitive skin and sunscreen allergies, finding the right approach to sun protection can seem daunting but is so important for their well-being.
For more information on sun protection, sunscreen alternatives, dermatology services or a consultation, please contact us at Dermatology & Skin Health.
We have partnered with leading experts to provide the latest evidence-based treatment options and diagnosis in a comfortable setting.
With the right solutions and care, you and your kids can enjoy all summer adventures have to offer without worry of discomfort or harm.
If your desired appointment type or preferred provider is unavailable online, kindly call (978) 525-0100 for Peabody, MA and (603) 742-5556 for all New Hampshire locations. Alternatively please feel free to send us your request via the patient portal, or via email at firstname.lastname@example.org
*For medical dermatology appointments in MA please dial (978) 525-0100 or fill out the appointment request form above.